Communication Methods

People who have disabilities that affect their  communication, may use many different ways of communicating. These communication methods are often referred to as augmentative and alternative communication (AAC).  AAC includes:

  • Speech (speech may be unclear)
  • Body language and facial expressions
  • Gestures (e.g. wave to signal goodbye)
  • Pointing or looking at objects and people
  • Writing
  • Typing
  • Drawing
  • Mime or acting out
  • Alphabet board
  • Picture board
  • Blissymbol board
  • Communication device
  • Communication assistant

People typically get communication boards and devices through augmentative communication services or speech-language pathology services. These are clinical programs where professionals have specialized training in assessing, recommending and supporting people in a range of communication methods.

Learn more about augmentative communication.